To read the abstract, please click on the title of the publication
of interest. If you want to access the publication on PubMed,
please click on the PubMed ID.
To find specific publications, please use the sort and search functions. Please enter one word only as search term.
|77||IL-6 regulates exercise and training-induced adaptations in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice. 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02373.x [doi]|
Brandt C; Jakobsen AH; Adser H; Olesen J; Iversen N; Kristensen JM; Hojman P; Wojtaszewski JF; Hidalgo J; Pilegaard H
Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2011; 205(2): 224-35
PubMed ID: 21991887
Aim: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that IL-6 regulates exercise-induced gene responses in subcutaneous adipose tissue in mice. Methods: Four-month-old male IL-6 whole body knockout (KO) mice and C57B wild-type (WT) mice performed 1 h of treadmill exercise, where subcutaneous adipose tissue (AT) was removed either immediately after, 4 h or 10 h after exercise as well as from mice not running acutely. Moreover, AT was sampled at resting conditions after 5 weeks of exercise training. Results: AT leptin mRNA decreased immediately after a single running exercise bout in both genotypes and returned to baseline within 10 h of recovery in IL-6 KO mice, but not WT mice. Leptin mRNA content decreased in WT and increased in IL-6 KO mice with training, but without significant alterations in leptin protein. Acute exercise induced a decrease in the AT TNFalpha mRNA content in WT, but not in IL-6-KO mice, while training lowered resting levels of TNFalpha mRNA in both genotypes. In addition, an exercise-induced decline in AT PPARgamma mRNA content was absent in IL-6 KO mice and in line training increased PPARgamma mRNA only in IL-6 KO mice. Conclusion: The present findings indicate a role of IL-6 in regulating exercise- and training-induced leptin and PPARgamma expression in adipose tissue. In addition, while IL-6 is required for TNF-alpha mRNA reduction in response to acute exercise, IL-6 does not appear to be mandatory for anti-inflammatory effects of exercise training in adipose tissue. (c) 2011 The Authors. Acta Physiologica (c) 2011 Scandinavian Physiological Society.