Wednesday, October 18, 2017 Print page
 
Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism (CIM)
 

Publications

To read the abstract, please click on the title of the publication of interest. If you want to access the publication on PubMed, please click on the PubMed ID.
To find specific publications, please use the sort and search functions. Please enter one word only as search term.

Click here to see all publications

176Apolipoprotein M predicts pre-beta-HDL formation: studies in type 2 diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.
Plomgaard P; Dullaart RP; de Vries R; Groen AK; Dahlback B; Nielsen LB
J Intern Med 2009; 266(3): 258-67
PubMed ID: 19457058

OBJECTIVE: Studies in mice suggest that plasma apoM is lowered in hyperinsulinaemic diabetes and that apoM stimulates formation of pre-beta-HDL. Pre-beta-HDL is an acceptor of cellular cholesterol and may be critical for reverse cholesterol transport. Herein, we examined whether patients with type 2 diabetes have reduced plasma apoM and whether apoM is associated with pre-beta-HDL formation and cellular cholesterol efflux. DESIGN: In 78 patients with type 2 diabetes and 89 control subjects, we measured plasma apoM with ELISA, pre-beta-HDL and pre-beta-HDL formation, phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) activity and the ability of plasma to promote cholesterol efflux from cultured fibroblasts. RESULTS: ApoM was approximately 9% lower in patients with type 2 diabetes compared to controls (0.025 +/- 0.006 vs. 0.027 +/- 0.007 g L(-1), P = 0.01). The difference in apoM was largely attributable to diabetes-associated obesity. ApoM was positively related to both HDL (r = 0.16; P = 0.04) and LDL cholesterol (r = 0.28; P = 0.0003). Pre-beta-HDL and pre-beta-HDL formation were not different between diabetic and control subjects. ApoM predicted pre-beta-HDL (r = 0.16; P = 0.04) and pre-beta-HDL formation (r = 0.19; P = 0.02), even independently of positive relationships with apoA-I, HDL-cholesterol and PLTP activity. Cellular cholesterol efflux to plasma was positively related to pre-beta-HDL and PLTP activity but not significantly to apoM. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma apoM is modestly reduced in type 2 diabetes. Pre-beta-HDL and pre-beta-HDL formation are positively associated with apoM, supporting the hypothesis that apoM plays a role in HDL remodelling in humans. Lower apoM may provide a mechanism to explain why pre-beta-HDL formation is not increased in type 2 diabetes despite elevated PLTP activity. Plomgaard, P



 
© 2017 Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism
www.inflammation-metabolism.dk