Sunday, June 24, 2018 Print page
Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism (CIM)


To read the abstract, please click on the title of the publication of interest. If you want to access the publication on PubMed, please click on the PubMed ID.
To find specific publications, please use the sort and search functions. Please enter one word only as search term.

Click here to see all publications

221High serum YKL-40 level in a cohort of octogenarians is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality.
Johansen JS; Pedersen AN; Schroll M; Jorgensen T; Pedersen BK; Bruunsgaard H
Clin Exp Immunol 2008; 151(2): 260-6
PubMed ID: 18070151

YKL-40 is secreted by macrophages, neutrophils, chondrocytes, endothelial-, vascular smooth muscle- and cancer cells. Interleukin (IL)-6 stimulates YKL-40 production in human in vivo studies. High serum YKL-40 is associated with poor prognosis in patients with inflammatory diseases and cancer. We studied whether serum YKL-40 was associated with systemic low-level inflammation, an immune risk phenotype, and mortality in relatively healthy 80-year old humans. Serum YKL-40, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) in octogenarians (n = 151) and serum YKL-40 in 18-30-year-olds (n = 89). Fifty-one of the octogenarians died during the 6-year follow-up. Serum YKL-40 in octogenarians was higher compared to the level in young people (median 116 versus 31 microg/l, P < 0.0005). Serum YKL-40 correlated with serum IL-6 in elderly women (Spearman's rho = 0.30, P = 0.009) and men (rho = 0.25, P = 0.003), but only with serum TNF-alpha (rho = 0.23, P = 0.05) and C-reactive protein (CRP) (rho = 0.57, P < 0.0005) among the elderly women. In addition, high serum level of YKL-40 was associated with a low CD4 : CD8 cell ratio. Univariate analysis of serum YKL-40 (logarithmically transformed and divided by tertiles) showed significant association with all-cause mortality [tertile 3: hazard ratio (HR) = 2.38, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.19-4.78, P = 0.02]. The effect persisted after adjusting for potential confounders (sex, smoking, body mass index, chronic disease and anti-inflammatory medicine). These results suggest that serum YKL-40 is a prognostic and sensitive biomarker of all-cause mortality in octogenarians.

© 2018 Centre of Inflammation and Metabolism