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276Cerebrospinal fluid IL-6, HSP72, and TNF-alpha in exercising humans.
Steensberg A; Dalsgaard MK; Secher NH; Pedersen BK
Brain Behav Immun 2006; 20(6): 585-9
PubMed ID: 16647242

During exercise the concentration of interleukin (IL)-6 and of heat shock protein (HSP) 72 increases in plasma, especially in fasting subjects. Both IL-6 and HSP72 are involved in a variety of metabolic and immunological processes, including some within the central nervous system and, accordingly, they are present not only in plasma but also in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To evaluate whether, the two pools equilibrate we determined the levels of IL-6 and HSP72 in CSF, at a time when their plasma levels were increased due to exercise. Measurements of TNF-alpha served as a control, as its plasma level remains stable during exercise. Two groups of healthy, fit males performed 2 h of strenuous exercise with either carbohydrate ingestion (n=8) or placebo (n=8). The concentration of IL-6, HSP72, and TNF-alpha was measured in arterial blood and in the CSF obtained by a lumbar puncture immediately after exercise. A third group of subjects served as resting controls (n=8). At rest, CSF levels of IL-6 and HSP72 were 2- and 3-fold higher than the plasma levels, respectively (P<.05). During exercise, with and without carbohydrate ingestion, plasma IL-6 increased 8- and 18-fold, respectively, and HSP72 increased 5-fold (P<.05). However, the concentrations of IL-6 and HSP72 in CSF did not change with exercise and were therefore below their corresponding plasma levels. The concentration of TNF-alpha in CSF was below that in plasma and both remained stable during exercise. The findings that resting CSF levels of IL-6 and HSP72 are higher than in plasma and that they remain stable despite exercise-induced, profound increases in their systemic levels, suggest that the CSF pool is segregated from that in blood.

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